On April 19th, the 2019 National Robot Development Forum hosted by China Automation Society kicked off in Shaoxing, Zhejiang. Dr. Gu Chunyuan, President of ABB Group Asia, Middle East and Africa, was invited to attend and presented "Human-Machine Collaboration - Leading the Future of Robotics Industry" Development theme report.
Human-computer cooperation enters a new stage
With the rapid development of science and technology, robots can be more and more qualified. The manufacturing industry and the service industry all have robots. With the human worries, the machines will intensify social unemployment, and the machines will eventually replace humans. Sounds like this are endless. But it cannot be ignored that robots are the product of human technological advancement, and robots cannot be separated from human beings. How to look at the future development of robots? How to deal with the relationship between humans and robots?
Dr. Gu Chunyuan reviewed the development of traditional industrial robots to collaborative robots, and proposed that since the commercialization of industrial robots, their relationship with humans can be divided into four stages: competition, coexistence, collaboration, and cooperation. With the development and application of collaborative robots. Human-computer collaboration is entering a new phase.
As a company with rich technical accumulation in the field of power and automation technology, ABB's understanding of the field of industrial robots fully complies with the development trend of the times. In order to meet the demand for flexible and flexible manufacturing in the consumer electronics industry, in 2015, ABB officially launched the world's first dual-arm industrial robot YuMi, which is truly man-machine collaborative, at the Hannover Messe in Germany. Compared with traditional industrial robots, collaborative robots do not need safety guardrails, can work side by side with humans, and cooperate with each other to efficiently complete a number of production processes, highlighting the highly flexible features of collaborative robots and effectively reducing production costs. The development of collaborative robots is the extension and development of industrial robots. The collaborative robots provide a safe and efficient new experience for human labor, providing a highly flexible and low-cost new production method for the manufacturing industry.
Market demand drives development, and human-machine collaboration promotes manufacturing transformation and upgrading
The development of social economy is inseparable from the manufacturing industry. With the development of information technology, the manufacturing industry is also looking for a path of transformation and upgrading. With the end of the shortage economy, the manufacturing industry needs to improve product quality while improving productivity and lowering unit cost. The automated production of industrial robots provides an effective way for the manufacturing industry. At the same time, with the improvement of the social level, consumer demand is increasingly diversified and personalized, how to achieve multi-variety and small-quantity production in a short period has become the direction of manufacturing thinking. The market demand for flexible production drives the promotion and application of collaborative robots. Compared with traditional industrial robots, the design, installation and commissioning of collaborative robot systems is more streamlined, easier to deploy and use, and can improve frequent switching in small batch production. Flexibility to maximize production flexibility and efficiency.
The transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry drives the development of human-machine cooperation, so what role does the application of human-machine collaboration play in the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry? Dr. Gu Chunyuan said that with the support of industrial Internet and edge computing technology, human-machine collaboration will play an important role in collaboration and flexible manufacturing with other smart devices and flexible electric drive transmission systems, and promote manufacturing from mass production to large-scale production. Customized transformations to provide the market with products and services that are both personalized and competitively priced.
Towards a digital, intelligent "future factory"
Since the concept of Industry 4.0 was put forward, the research and innovation of the new generation of revolutionary technology in the industrial field has been in full swing. Technology has begun to reshape the form of the factory, and the factory has begun to become digital and intelligent.
At the Hannover Messe this year, ABB showed a simulation assembly line of “Future Factory”, which completes the personalization and packaging of the watch in three minutes. The YuMi collaborative robot has unparalleled precision and cooperates with SuperTrak. The flexible electric drive conveyor system coordinates the movement of components between different stations, and the combination of high flexibility and agility can help manufacturers quickly provide tailor-made products and solutions to the market.
In the era of Industry 4.0, Internet technology and digital technology began to empower manufacturing, and intelligent manufacturing became the future development direction of the manufacturing industry. This coincides with the concept of “future factory”. In the future factory, through human-machine cooperation production. The approach will greatly increase production flexibility and drive future flexible production.
In addition, ABB's digital solutions will also be applied to “future factories”, based on autonomous technologies and artificial intelligence, with powerful network connectivity and data analysis capabilities, enabling enterprises to achieve efficient integration of information technology and operational technologies, and comprehensively enhance innovation. Ability and competitive strength.
Entering the Chinese market, how does ABB help to upgrade?
Since the reform and opening up, China's manufacturing industry has relied on demographic dividends, raw materials and energy to achieve rapid development in the past 40 years. The level of automation in the industry has been continuously improved, and Chinese-made products are spread all over the world. However, with the disappearance of the demographic dividend, the continuous increase in production costs and quality requirements, the low-cost advantage of China's manufacturing industry is gradually lost, facing the problem of transformation and upgrading. The arrival of the industry 4.0 era is an opportunity for China's manufacturing to achieve transformation and upgrading. In 2015, China began to deploy and accelerate the implementation of the "Made in China 2025" plan, and to enter the ranks of manufacturing powers in 2025. To achieve the upgrading of the manufacturing industry and promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional manufacturing plants to smart factories, it is necessary to transform the factor drive into an innovative technology drive.
As a country with a large population, China's manufacturing scale is evident. To achieve the progress and development of the entire industry and to realize the renewal of the technology of the entire industry, it will undoubtedly require huge technical support. According to statistics from the International Federation of Robotics, since 2013, China has surpassed Japan to become the largest market for industrial robots worldwide. Compared with other countries, China's manufacturing industry has greater scale effect, rich application scenarios and more complex application requirements. This means that smart technologies including industrial robots have broader application prospects in China.
As a leader in the field of automation with more than 130 years of innovation history, ABB can't ignore China's huge industrial robot market and the demand for a new generation of industrial revolutionary technology. How does ABB view and enter the Chinese market?
As the world's largest producer, exporter and consumer of consumer electronics products, China's 3C industry has become one of the main drivers of China's industrial robot growth, with huge market potential. ABB started to promote industrial robot applications in the Chinese market as early as 1994. Since 2005, it has started research and development and production in China. It is the first multinational company to carry out local research and development and local production of industrial robots in China. According to Dr. Gu Chunyuan, ABB launched the world's first dual-arm robot YuMi, which is truly human-machine collaboration in 2015. The original intention is to meet the demand for flexible and flexible manufacturing in the consumer electronics industry, and will gradually be applied to more market segments in the future. To support users to improve production flexibility and efficiency, and to move to a smart, interconnected, collaborative future factory.
When talking about how to better adapt to the Chinese market, he said that China has become the second largest market for ABB in the world. ABB has also been striving to promote the localization of the entire value chain of the business and to customize the Chinese market through R&D and innovation. Innovative products that respond to market demands more quickly through local production; at the same time, vigorously promote the application of ABB's digital solutions to support the transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry.
Technical challenges and development direction of human-machine collaboration
The global robots are developing rapidly, and the market development potential of collaborative robots is even more prominent. As a pioneer and leader in the field of collaborative robots, ABB believes that human-machine collaboration is the key to ensuring safety and improving machine learning in the future. Focus on the development of robotic security collaboration, ease of use, self-adaptability, mobility, self-awareness and environmental awareness.
How to integrate artificial intelligence, machine vision and ABB Ability digital technology into robotic solutions, making robots smarter, more complex environments and more advanced work, is also the ABB robot team is working hard. direction.
ABB robots are pioneers of industrial robots, collaborative robots and advanced digital services. As the world's leading provider of industrial robot technology, ABB operates in more than 100 regions in 53 countries, with a global installed base of more than 400,000 units, covering a wide range of industries and applications. ABB is committed to helping customers improve their production flexibility, efficiency, safety and reliability, and help them move into a connected, collaborative future factory.